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分支学科进展

土地经济学的基础理论与学科前沿

发布时间:2012-07-09 15:40文章来源:环球体育_环球体育app下载-官网APP下载 作者: 南京大学城市与资源学系 黄贤金 打印

环球体育  tudijingjixueshouxianshiyoumeiguoweisikangxingdaxuejiaoshout.elyzaiqi1922nianchubande《tudijingjixuedagang》zhongtichude。cihou,shehuijingjiyunxingsuodailaitudiwentideriyifuzahua,yijijingjikexuelilunyufangfatixidebuduanchuangxin,youlidicujinlexiandaitudijingjixuelilunhefangfatixidexingchengyufazhan。

环球体育  yi、tudijingjixuedexuekexingzhijidiwei

  tudijingjixuezaitudixueketixizhongjuyouzhongyaoxing、xiandaoxing、jichuxingdezuoyong。gaixuekedehuanqiutiyuyufazhanjiangyouxiaodicujintudixueketixidewanshanhua、kexuehuayijiyingyongxingdezengqiang。

  (yi)congtudijingjixuedeyanjiuduixiangkeyikanchuqizaitudixueketixizhongdiweidezhongyaoxing

  tudijingjixueshiguanyurendiguanxiheyinqichanshengderenyurenjingjiguanxidezonghejiqineizaiguilvdeyimenxueke。dangran,guanyurendiguanxideyanjiu,yeshitudikexueyanjiudehexinsuozai,erwulunshiguanyutudiziyuan、tudiguihua、tudixinxi、tudishengtai、tudibaohu、dijiguanlidengfangmiandeyanjiu,guigendaodiyeshiweirendijingjiguanxideguifanhuahuanqiutiyude,yinci,tudijingjixueshitudikexuezhongdezhuganxueke。

  (er)congtudijingjixuedechanshengkeyikanchuqizaitudixueketixixingchengyufazhanzhongdexiandaoxing

  tudiwentidazhikeyiguiweitudifenpei(chanquan)、tudiliyong(jingjishengchan)hetudishouyifenxiangsanleiwenti。erzuizaodenongyegongtongtijiushiyiduitudidepaitaxinggongyouchanquanweijichude。yinci,tudichanquandechuxian,jiuyiweizhetudiwentiyijingkaishichuxian,youciyedailailetudiliyongdenggengduodewenti。eryucixiangduiying,tudijingjixuedechanshengyejuyouxiandaoxing,tudijingjixuediyicichengweidaxuejiaoyudekecheng,shicongmeiguoweisikangxingdaxuekaishou《tudicaichan》taolunkeshikaishide。zhengshichengweidanduyanjiulingyuzeshizai1919nianmeiguozainongyebuneishelitudijingjisishikaishi。tudijingjixuedexiandaoxingfazhan,yijitudiwentidefenhua,yecujinlexiangguanxuekedechansheng,youcituijinletudixueketixidexingchengyufazhan。

环球体育  (san)congtudijingjixuedeyingyonglingyukeyikanchuqizaitudixueketixizhongdejichuxing

环球体育  tudijingjixuedejichuxingzuoyongzhuyaobiaoxianzaitudixuekehuanqiutiyu、fazhanyushijiandequanguocheng。

环球体育  1.tudixuekehuanqiutiyuzhongdejichuxingzuoyong

  youyutudijingjixuechanshengdexiandaoxing,tudijingjixuedefazhanweiqitatudixuekedefazhantigonglexiangguanlilunhefangfajichu。20shiji80~90niandaihuanqiutiyuguotudigujia、tudishengtaijingji、tudizhengce、tudixingzhengdengxuekedechanshengyufazhan,yeshiyitudijingjixuekeweijichude。yinci,tudijingjixuezaitudixuekehuanqiutiyuzhongjuyouyuanshengxing、jichuxingzuoyong。

环球体育  2.tudixuekefazhandejichuxingzuoyong

  suiranhuanqiutiyuguodangqiandetudiwentifenbielishuyubutongxueke,danshitongguotudijingjixuedefazhan,yeyouxiaodituijinlexiangguanxuekedefazhan。liru,jiangtudijingjixuelilunyufangfayinrutudiguihuaxue,zekeyizengqiangtudiguihuadekexingxing,tongshiyekeyishixiantudiguihuashishishouduandeduoyuanhua,zheidoujianggengyouxiaodituijintudiguihuadeshishi。

环球体育  3.tudixuekeyingyongdejichuxingzuoyong

  tudijingjigangganduiyutudiziyuandeyouhuapeizhiqizhezhiguanzhongyaodezuoyong,youqishidizudijia、tudishuifei、tudichanquandengzhidudewanshan,buduantigaolehuanqiutiyuguotudiliyonghetudiguanlidexiaolv。yinci,tudijingjixuedeyingyongxingyanjiu,jianggengyouliyuqitatudixuekelilunyufangfazaitudiguanlishijianzhongdeyingyong。

  er、tudijingjixuedejichulilun

  tudijingjixuedezhuyaojichulilunyou:

  1.shichanggongqiulilun

  tudigongqiufenxishitudijingjixueyanjiudeqidianhezhongdian,ertudixuqiuyoushitudigongjideqiyin,hendachengdushangduiyutudigongjichanshengzhejuedingxingdeyingxiang。congtudigongqiuguanxilaikan,bixutongguoliangzhedexianghuzuoyong,bingtongguojiagexinxiyuyitixian,cainengxingchengyouxiaoxuqiuheyouxiaogongji。shijianzhongbixuyijuzheiyijichulilun,jinxingshenrufenxi,cainenggengweikexuedifanyingtudigongqiuguanxibianhuadetaishi。

  2.chanquanjingjililun

  xiangduiyutudiziyuaneryan,tudichanquangengshiyigezhongyaodejingjiyaosu。tudijingjiyunxingshijiandoushiyijuyouyidingchanquandetudiziyuanweidanyuanjinxingziyuanpeizhide。tudichanquanyaosuduiyutudiziyuanpeizhixiaolvchanshengzhijiedeyingxiang,bingqiehaiyindaozhetudiziyuanpeizhidefangxiang。chanquanjingjililunzuoweitudijingjixuedejichulilun,youxiaotuijinletudijingjixuedejinyibufazhan。

  3.dizudijialilun

环球体育  dizudijialilunjishitudijingjixuedezhongyaoneirong,tongshiyeshitudijingjixuedejichulilun,qiduitudishouyifenpeiguanxiheliquedingdezhongyaoyiju。dangqianyouguandizudijiadeyanjiuyijingkaishijianlidinglianghuadejingyanmoxingjinxingfenxiyanjiu。erdizudijiadeyanjiu,bujinyutudiliyong,erqieyujichusheshidehelibuju、chengshiguihuadehelihuachengdudeng,douyoumiqiedeguanxi。yinci,youbiyaojiangdizudijialilunyingyongdemianjiayituozhan。

  4.bianjixiaoyonglilun

环球体育  bianjixiaoyongzeshizhicongxiaofeiyijianshangpindeyigeewaideshuliangzhongsuohuodedeewaidemanzu。zaibianjixiaoyonglilunyingyongzhongcunzailianggezhongyaoyuanze,yishibianjixiaoyongdijianyuanze,jiyizhongshangpindexiaofeiyueduo,neimeewaishuliangdexiaofeijixiaoyongdailaidezengjiayeyuelaiyuexiao;ershixiangdengbianjiyuanze,jizhiyoudangxiaofeizheshihuazaisuoyoushangpinshangdedanweitouzisuodailaidexiaoyongxiangdengshi,caihuishixiaoyongzuidahua。zheilianggeyuanze,duiyuheliquedingtudiliyongguimoyijichanyebumenzhijiantudiziyuandefenpeiguanxijuyoushijianxingyiyi。

  san、tudijingjixueqianyanwenti

  dangjintudijingjiwentiriyifuzahua,tudijingjiwentidejiejuebixujiezhujingjixuehuoqitaxuekedelilunyufangfatixi,dangranzheibenshenyetuijinletudijingjixuedefazhan。jiyuzheiyirenshi,dangqiantudijingjixueqianyanwentijiqikenengdejiejuetujingzhuyaoyou:

环球体育  yishicongzhengfutudiliyongxingweijiaodu,yanjiutudishichangzhixuyuquyujingjifazhanguanxiwenti。dangqiancunzaideyixiezhuyaotudiwentiyuzhengfucaizhengduiyutudishouyiyilaixingdezengqiangyouhendaguanxi,tongshizheiyugejizhengfuzhuizhu“zhengjijingji”、“zhuhoujingji”youguan。yinci,bixucongjizhi、tizhi、fazhidengjigefangmianlaigongtongtantaoguifantudishichangdetujing,yitongguotudishichangzhixudeyouxuhua,tuijinquyujingjidekechixufazhan。

  ershicongtudijiagexingchengyuyunxingdejiaodu,yanjiudijiayufangjiaguanxiwenti。yishiyaoyanjiudijiayufangjiazhijiandexianghuzuoyongjili,congertanqiuruhetongguodijiaganggandezuoyong,helidiaokongfangdichanyedefazhan;ershiyaozhenduibutongleixingchengshiyanjiudijiayufangjiazhijiandedinglianghua、moxinghuadehudongguanxi,congerweikexuezhidingzhufangyongdigongyingzhengce,shixianfangdichanjiagejizhideyouxuhuahuanqiutiyu。

  sanshicongjingjixingweifenxijiaodu,yanjiuyongdizhetudishichangxingweiwenti。zhuyaoshiyanjiuqiye、nonghudengyongdizhe,duiyuzhengfutudizhengcejuecedeshichangxiangyingguocheng,congerweiheliyindaoyongdizhexingweitigonglilunhefangfayiju。dangqianyanjiudezhongdianzhuyaoyou: guoyouqiyegaizhizhongdetudishichangliuzhuanxingwei、qiyeyongdizhexingwei、nonghutudiliuzhuanxingweidengfangmian。

  sishiyongjingjixuedelinian,zhongxinrenshitudifadexiangguanwenti。baokuotudifaguiyunxingdechengben、xiaoyi,tudizhifashouduandejingjichengben,tudifaguijiandudechengbenyujianduzhidudegaige,yijitudizhifanandejingjixuefenxidengwenti。zheixieyanjiuyouliyutigaotudifaguideyunxingxiaolv。

环球体育  wushitudijingjixuefangfalunwenti。tudijingjixuefangfalunwenti,guanxidaotudijingjixuexuekezishenruhehuanqiutiyuyufazhan。dangqianbujintichangwenjuandiaochafangfazaitudijingjiwentiyanjiuzhongdeguangfanyingyong,haiyaobuduandichuangzaoxingyinjinxindefangfalun,ruboyililun、shenjingwangluolilundengzaitudijingjixueyanjiuzhongdeyingyong。

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