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分支学科进展

土地规划学的基础理论与学科前沿

发布时间:2012-07-09 15:47文章来源:环球体育_环球体育app下载-官网APP下载 作者: 南京农业大学土地管理学院 王万茂 打印

  yi、tudiguihuaxuedeyanjiuduixiangjiqixuekediwei

  tudiliyongshizirankexueheshehuikexueduoxuekedeyanjiulingyu。zaitudiliyonglingyuzhong,tudiguihuaxuebushidanchunyanjiutudiliyongzhongshengchanliheshengchanguanxidewenti,gengbushiyanjiutudiliyongdequanbuwenti,tudiguihuaxueshiyanjiuzaiyidingdiyufanweineizuzhishishiyouguantudiliyongcuoshitixideyimenxueke。helizuzhitudiliyongjiugouchengletudiguihuaxuetedingdeyanjiuduixiang。tudiguihuaxuedebuketidaixingjizhongfanyingweitudiziyuandehelifenpeihetudiliyongdehelibuju。

环球体育  tudiguihuaxuezaitudikexuexueketixizhongshiyimenjiaoweichengshudexueke。jiuxuekezhijianguanxieryan,tudiguihuaxueqizhekongzhizuoyonghuosuchengweilongtouzuoyong。bianzhiguihuayoulaiyutudidiaocha、tudidengji、tuditongji、tudipingjia、tudizhengcehetudifalvdengxuekedefuchi,shishiguihuayouzhiyuetudiliyong、tudijiage、tudijingjiheyouguanzhengcefalv。wuluncongxuekelianhaishiguanlilian,tudiguihuaxuejunshiqizhongdezhongyaohuanjie,feidanbunengxingchengwanzhengdetudikexuetixiheshishitudiguanliguocheng。

  tudiguihuaxueyoutudiguihualilun、tudiliyongzongtiguihua、tudiliyongxiangxiguihua、tudiliyongzhuanxiangguihua、tudiguihuashejiyushigongyijitudiguihuazhongshuxuefangfahe3sjishuyingyongdengzucheng。

环球体育  er、tudiguihuaxuedejichulilun

环球体育  tudiguihuaxuedejichulilunyou: dizuhedijialilun、tudiquweililun、chixuliyonglilun、shengtaijingjililun、rendixiediaolilunhexitonggongchenglilun。

  zaidizuhedijialilundezhidaoxia,tongguohelidizuzhitudiliyong,gaishantudizhiliangzhuangkuanghejiaotongyunshutiaojian,daozhitudijichadizuxingchengtiaojiandegaishanhebianhua。guihuashiyingxiangdijiadezhongyaoyinsu,yinggenjudijiadekongjianfenbuguilvheliguihuageyeyongdi。

  yiquweilunweizhidao,yingyongquweiyinsufenxifangfa,helidiquedingtudiliyongfangxianghejiegou,bingyijugeyeyongdideyaoqiu,xuanzeshihedetudiquwei,yitantaotudiliyongdezuijiakongjianjiegou。

环球体育  tudishuliangyouxianxingyutudixuqiuzengzhangxingzhijianbuxiediaoxingshitudiguihuaxuedezhongyaoneirong,yeshitudichixuliyongdeyonghengzhuti。tudikegengxinxingheliyongyongxuxingshitudichixuliyongchengweikeneng。

  shengtaijingjililunshitudiliyongweishengtaijingjiwenti,yaocongshengtaihejingjizonghejiaodu,quedinghejiejuetudiliyongdehelizuzhiwenti。renleiliyongtudishibixujianchizhengtiguannianhequanjuguannian,yaokaolvtudishengtaijingjixitongdeneibuhewaibudegezhongxianghuguanxi,bunengjinkaolvtudiliyong,erhushitudiliyongduixitongneiwaidefumianyingxiang。

环球体育  rendiguanxijirenleiyuqilaiyishengcunhefazhandehuanjingzhijiandeguanxi。zaihelizuzhitudiliyongguochengzhong,yingdangzunxunrendixiediaolilun,chulihaorenhedidepingdengguanxi。yaorenshidaorendiguanxishiyizhonghexieguanxi,yindaotudiliyongyouliyudiqiuweishengnenglidebaochihetigao,fuheziranjiedekeguanguilv。

  xitonggongchenglilunzhidaotudiguihuabianzhishi,yaoshixianfangfashangdezhengtihua、yingyongshangdezonghehuaheguanlishangdekexuehua。shiyidingdiyuneigeleiyongdiweiyigezhengti,tongshi,batudiliyongguochengyeshizuoweiyigezhengti。guihuadeyouxuanfanganyingdangshixitongzhengtizuiyoufangan。

  san、tudiguihuaxuedexuekeqianyan

  dangqiantudiguihuaxuedexuekeqianyan,zaijiaqiangguihualilunheguihuabenzhideyanjiujichushang,yingdangzaitudiliyongxitonglilunyingyong、tudiliyongxitongyucehetudiguihuaxinxixitongyanzhifangmiankaizhanshenruyanjiu。

环球体育  tudiliyongxitongshibaohanziranshengtaixitong、shehuijingjixitongherenkouxitongzaineideshengtaijingjifuhexitong。zaitudiliyongxitongzhong,renkoushihexinyaosu,qizongliangjuedingleduitudiziyuanxuqiuliangdeguimo,yejuedingletudiliyonghuodongduishehuixitongheziranxitongdeyingxianghezuoyongdechengdu。genjuxitonglundeguandian,tudiliyongxitonga={a1、a2、a3……an},shizhonga—tudiliyongxitong,a1、a2……an—geleitudiliyongzixitong(a1—gengdizixitong、a2—yuandizixitong、a3—lindizixitongdeng)。xiandaitudiguihuaxuedeweilaiyanjiufangxiangbujinzhongshiyouxiantudiziyuandebumenjian、chanyejianhediqujiandehelifenpei,gengzhongyaozaiyuyanjiutudiliyongzonghexiaoyizuidahuadeqiantixiadetudiziyuanyouhuapeizhiwenti,yaoqiudadaomaxw=ab+bc,st·l=la+lc,shizhongw—tudiliyongzonghexiaoyi;ab—nongyeyongdiliyongxiaoyi;bc—huanqiutiyuyongdiliyongxiaoyi;l—tudizongmianji;la—nongyeyongdimianji;lc—huanqiutiyuyongdimianji。danchunshixianl=la+lcbingbunan,keshizaimaxw=ab+bcyueshutiaojianxiashixianl=la+lczebingfeiyishi,zheigewentidejiejueyoulaixitonggongchengfangfadeyingyong,jiaqiangtudiliyongxitongjiegouyouhuayanjiu。

  tudiguihuaxueshiyimenyanjiuweilaitudiliyongdehelizuzhidekexue,bixuyikexueyucezuoweijibenqianti。tudiguihuafangandekexuexingwangwangyuweilaitudiliyongyucedezhunquexingjinmixiangguan。jiaqiangtudiliyongxitongyucedeyanjiu,yaoqiuduimeigetudiliyongzixitongyumuxitongzhijianguanxijinxingyuce,haiyaojieshitudiliyongxitongyuqiyingxiangwaizaihuanjingtiaojianxitongzhijiandeneizaiguanlianxing。yaojiangtudiliyongjiqihelizuzhiyanjiuzhiyuweilaishehuijingjiheshengtaihuanjingdabeijingxia,yuqitaziyuanliyongxiangjiehelaiyuceweilaitudiliyongdechengdu、fangxiang、fangshiheqiangduyijiqizonghexiaoyi,zhiyouzheiyangcainengshitudiguihuaxueyiqihelizuzhitudiliyongdedutegongneng,baohushengtaihuanjingdeliangxingxunhuan,tuidongshehuijingjikechixufazhan。

环球体育  tudiguihuaxinxixitongdeyanzhiheyingyongshitudiguihuaxuexuekezhongyaodeqianyanwenti。tudiguihuamoxingkushigaixitongzhongdehexinzucheng,baokuotudiliyongxianzhuangpingjiamoxing、tudizhiliangpingjiamoxing、tudiliyongyuanjingyucemoxing、tudiliyongjiegouyouhuamoxing、tudiliyongfanganzonghepingjiamoxing、tudiliyongfenqumoxinghetudiliyongdongtaijiancemoxingdeng。zaitudiguihuamoxingkuzhonggegedanyimoxingbujinjuyoudanyigongneng,erqiexunqiuxitongmoxingzhijianxianghuquzhangbuduande”jiekou”,shixingduomoxingzuhe。ruxitongdonglixuemoxingzhongchugouzaoxitongjiegouyiwai,quedingcanshukefenbieyingyongjingjijiliangmoxing、touruchanchumoxing、huisexitongmoxing、huiguifenximoxing、qushiwaituimoxingdeng。duiyutudiguihuazhongcunzaizhedalianghuisexinghemohuxing,huisexitongfangfahemohushuxuefangfazezaiqizhongyingdedaoguangfanyingyong。

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