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分支学科进展

土地生态学的基础理论与前沿

发布时间:2012-07-09 15:37文章来源:环球体育_环球体育app下载-官网APP下载 作者: 中国土地勘测规划院 谢俊奇 打印

  xueheshengtaixuezhijiandejiaocha。tudishengtaixueyitudi——zheiyiziranshehuijingjizonghetiweiyanjiuduixiang,tongguowuzhiliu、nengliangliu、xinxiliu、jiazhiliuzaitudishangdechuanshuyujiaohuan,tongguoshengwu、feishengwuherenleizhijiandexianghuzuoyong,yunyongshengtaixuehexitongkexuedeyuanlihefangfa,yanjiutudishengtaijiegouhegongneng、tudishengtaibianhuayijixianghuzuoyongjili、tudishengtaigeju,weiyouhuatudiziyuanliyonghebaohuhuanqiutiyu。tudishengtaixueshiyimenzaishijianzhongzhujianyunyuhefazhandexueke,shiyimenxinxingdexueke,shiyimenyoudaijingxinpeiyangdexueke,yeshiyimenduishehuijingjifazhanheziyuanliyongyubaohuyouzhongdazhidaoyiyidexueke。

  yi、tudishengtaixuedegainiantixi

环球体育  zuoweiyimenjiaochaxueke,tudishengtaixuegainiantixifenchengliangbufen: yibufenlaiyuanyuxianglinxueke,rutudi、shengtai、shengtaixitongdengdeng;lingyibufenshitudishengtaixuefazhanguochengzhongxingchengdegainian,rutudishengtaigongneng、tudishengtaiguocheng、tudishengtaibianhua、tudishengtaifenyidengdeng。

环球体育  zaitudishengtaixuezhong,tudibeikanzuochengziranshehuijingjizongheti,shiyigefuzaxitong,tashidiqiuludibiaomianquanbu(yanshiquandeshangceng、zhenggeludishuiquanheshengwuquanyijirenleiheshengwuhuodongyingxiangdefanwei)。zaitudishengtaixuezhongtudibudanjuyouziyuanhezichanshuxing,erqieshishengwuhefeishengwuzhijiannengliang、wuzhi、xinxi、jiazhihuanqiutiyudechangsuohezaiti;tudibujinjinjuyourenleiliyongchanshengcaifudegongneng,erqiejuyouweirenleitigongshengchan、shenghuodehuanjinggongneng;tudibujinjinshirenleiwuzhixuyaodelaiyuan,erqieshidiqiuhuanjingdezuchengbufen,shibaozhengshengtaihuanjingchuyuliangxingfazhandejidi。yinci,tudishengtaixuezhongde“tudi”shiyigeziranshehuijingjizongheti。zaishengtaixuefenleizhong,yougetishengtaixue、zhongqunshengtaixue、qunluoshengtaixue、shengtaixitongshengtaixue、jingguanshengtaixue、quyushengtaixue、quanqiushengtaixue。youyutudishengtaixueshixinxingjiaochaxueke,zaishengtaixuezhongdedingweiyingzaishengtaixitongshengtaixue、jingguanshengtaixuehequyushengtaixuezhijian。

  er、tudishengtaixuedexuekexingzhi

  tudishengtaixueshitudikexuezhongdejichuxingxueke,yeshiyimenyingyongxueke。tajiyanjiutudishengtaigongneng、tudishengtaiguocheng、tudishengtaibianhua、tudishengtaifenyidengjichulilun,youyanjiuhekaifatudishengtaidiaocha、tudishengtaipingjia、tudishengtaiguihuahesheji、tudishengtaihuifuhezhongjian、tudideshengtaiguanliheguanhudengjishufangfa,haishejitudishengtaijingji、tudishengtailunlidengshehuikexuefanchou。

环球体育  san、tudishengtaixuedeyanjiufangfahejishutixi

  tudishengtaixuedeyanjiufangfabaokuodiaochafangfa、pingjiafangfa、shuliangmoxingfangfa、shiyanfenxifangfadengdeng,yebaokuoguihuafangfaheshengtaizhongjiandegongchengfangfa。qijishutixibaokuogezhongdiaocha、pingjia、moxing、guihua、zhongjiandejishuliuchengjiqishijianyingyong。

  si、tudishengtaixuedejibenlilun

  tudishengtaixuedejibenlilunbaokuotudideshengwushengchanlililun(shengwuchujishengchanhezaishengchanlilun)、 tudideshengwuqixihechengzaigongnenglilun、tudidenengliangpinghengheshuixunhuangongnenglilun、tudidehuanjinggongnenglilun、 tudideshengtaishililun、tudishengtaiguochenglilun、tudishengtaibianhuaguilvlilun、tudishengtaifenyililundengdeng。tudishengtaixuedelilunjichuyou: xitonglilun(baokuoxitonglun、kongzhilun、zirandengjililun、haosanjiegoulilun、diyufenyililun)heshengtaixuelilun(baokuozhongqunshengtaixuelilun、shengtaixitongshengtaixuelilun)。

环球体育  wu、tudishengtaixueyutudikexueqitaxuekedeguanxi

环球体育  tudishengtaixueyutudiziyuanxue、tudiguihuaxue、tudibaohuxuedengmiqiexiangguan。tudiziyuanxueweitudishengtaixuetigongtudishuliang、zhiliang、shuxingdengdejichuziliao,tudishengtaixueweitudiziyuandediaochapingjiatigongjichulilunhelinian。tudideshengtaiguihuashitudiliyongguihuadezhongyaozuchengbufen,《huanjingyingxiangpingjiafa》guidinggejiguihuayaojinxinghuanjingyingxiangpingjia,tudishengtaixuejiangweizheizhongpingjiatigongjibenfangfa。tudibaohudezhuyaoneirongzhiyishitudishengtaibaohu,tudishengtaixuedeyanjiubudanweitudibaohutigonglilunjichu,erqietigongshijiancaozuocengmiandefangfajishu。lingwai,tudijingjixuedejibenlilunshitudishengtaijingjililundejichu,tudishengtaijingjililundefazhanyoufengfuhefazhantudijingjixuelilun。tudixinxixuedengzhuanmenjishujiangweitudishengtaixuedeyanjiuheshijiantigonggaoxinjishushouduan。

  liu、tudishengtaixueyanjiudeqianyan

环球体育  tudishengtaixueshiyimenxinxingdexueke。yinci,xuduofangfalilunhejishushangchuzaitansuojieduan,zheixiegouchengletudishengtaixuedexuekeqianyan。baokuo: tudishengtaixuedegainiantixi(rutudideshengtaigongnenggainian);tudishengtaixuedefazhanwenti(rutudishengtaixuesixiangdexingchenghefazhan、tudishengtaixuedefazhanjieduanhuafenyijitudishengtaixuefazhanzhanwang);tudishengtaixueyanjiuneirongdetantao(rutudishengtaixuedeyanjiuneirongjiqizhijiandeneizaihewaizailianxi);tudishengtaixueyanjiufangfadetantao(rutudishengtaidiaochapingjiafangfa、shuliangfangfa、fenxihemonifangfadeng);tudishengtaixuedelilunjichudeyanjiu(ruxitonglilun、kongzhililun、zirandengjililun、haosanjiegoulilun、diyufenyililunjiqiyutudishengtaixuedelianxi,yijishengtaixuelilun、jingguanshengtaixuelilunzaitudishengtaixuezhongdeyingyongwenti);tudishengtaigongnengyanjiu(rutudideshengwushengchangongnengyanjiu);tudideshengwuqixihechengzaigongnengyanjiu;tudidenengliangpinghengheshuixunhuangongnengyanjiu;tudidehuanjinggongnengyanjiu;tudishengtaiguochengyanjiu(rutudideshengtaiganrao、tudiliyongdeshengtaiguocheng、tudiliyongyushengwuduoyangxingguocheng、tudijingguanguocheng、tudinengliang、shuifen、wuzhihexinxixunhuanguochengdengdeyanjiu);tudishengtaibianhuayanjiu(rutudishengtaibianhuadequdongyinsu、tudiliyonghetudifugaibianhuadeshengtaihuanjingyingxiang、tudishengtaibianhuademonidengdeyanjiu);tudishengtaifenyiyanjiu(rutudishengtaidanyuandediyuxing、tudishengtaiyinsudediyufenbuguilv、tudishengtaixitongdezhengtidiyuxing、quanqiutudishengtaixitongdefenbuguilvdengyanjiu);tudishengtaidiaochayupingjiayanjiu(rutudishengtaidiaochadeneirong、jibenfangfashouduan、tudishengtaifenleidengdeyanjiu,yijitudipingjiadelilun、zhibiaotixi、tudishengtaipingjiaguochenghefangfadengyanjiu);tudishengtaiguihuaheshejiyanjiu(rutudishengtaiguihuadeyuanze、chengxu、bianzhifangfayanjiuyijitudishengtaishejililunheshijianfangfayanjiu);tudishengtaihuifuhezhongjianlilunhefangfayanjiu(ruduitudishengtaituihuajiqileixinghetezheng、tuihuachengdu、jilideyanjiuyijitudishengtaituihuadehuifucuoshihetujingdeyanjiu);tudishengtaiguanliheguanhuyanjiu(rujianlitudishengtaiguanliheguanhufaguideyanjiu、xingzhengguanlitizhideyanjiu、tudishengtaixingzhengguanlidezhixinghesusongdengdeyanjiu);tudishengtaijingjiyanjiu(rutudishengtaijiazhililunyanjiu、tudishengtaijiazhigusuanhehesuanfangfayanjiu、tudishengtaijingjipingjiadejibenlilunhefangfadeyanjiu,yijiduitudishengtaijingjihuanqiutiyudeyanjiu)。

环球体育  tudishengtaixuedejichulilunyuqianyan

  2003nian06yue19ri  zhongguotudikanceguihuayuan xiejunqi

环球体育  xueheshengtaixuezhijiandejiaocha。tudishengtaixueyitudi——zheiyiziranshehuijingjizonghetiweiyanjiuduixiang,tongguowuzhiliu、nengliangliu、xinxiliu、jiazhiliuzaitudishangdechuanshuyujiaohuan,tongguoshengwu、feishengwuherenleizhijiandexianghuzuoyong,yunyongshengtaixuehexitongkexuedeyuanlihefangfa,yanjiutudishengtaijiegouhegongneng、tudishengtaibianhuayijixianghuzuoyongjili、tudishengtaigeju,weiyouhuatudiziyuanliyonghebaohuhuanqiutiyu。tudishengtaixueshiyimenzaishijianzhongzhujianyunyuhefazhandexueke,shiyimenxinxingdexueke,shiyimenyoudaijingxinpeiyangdexueke,yeshiyimenduishehuijingjifazhanheziyuanliyongyubaohuyouzhongdazhidaoyiyidexueke。

  yi、tudishengtaixuedegainiantixi

环球体育  zuoweiyimenjiaochaxueke,tudishengtaixuegainiantixifenchengliangbufen: yibufenlaiyuanyuxianglinxueke,rutudi、shengtai、shengtaixitongdengdeng;lingyibufenshitudishengtaixuefazhanguochengzhongxingchengdegainian,rutudishengtaigongneng、tudishengtaiguocheng、tudishengtaibianhua、tudishengtaifenyidengdeng。

环球体育  zaitudishengtaixuezhong,tudibeikanzuochengziranshehuijingjizongheti,shiyigefuzaxitong,tashidiqiuludibiaomianquanbu(yanshiquandeshangceng、zhenggeludishuiquanheshengwuquanyijirenleiheshengwuhuodongyingxiangdefanwei)。zaitudishengtaixuezhongtudibudanjuyouziyuanhezichanshuxing,erqieshishengwuhefeishengwuzhijiannengliang、wuzhi、xinxi、jiazhihuanqiutiyudechangsuohezaiti;tudibujinjinjuyourenleiliyongchanshengcaifudegongneng,erqiejuyouweirenleitigongshengchan、shenghuodehuanjinggongneng;tudibujinjinshirenleiwuzhixuyaodelaiyuan,erqieshidiqiuhuanjingdezuchengbufen,shibaozhengshengtaihuanjingchuyuliangxingfazhandejidi。yinci,tudishengtaixuezhongde“tudi”shiyigeziranshehuijingjizongheti。zaishengtaixuefenleizhong,yougetishengtaixue、zhongqunshengtaixue、qunluoshengtaixue、shengtaixitongshengtaixue、jingguanshengtaixue、quyushengtaixue、quanqiushengtaixue。youyutudishengtaixueshixinxingjiaochaxueke,zaishengtaixuezhongdedingweiyingzaishengtaixitongshengtaixue、jingguanshengtaixuehequyushengtaixuezhijian。

  er、tudishengtaixuedexuekexingzhi

  tudishengtaixueshitudikexuezhongdejichuxingxueke,yeshiyimenyingyongxueke。tajiyanjiutudishengtaigongneng、tudishengtaiguocheng、tudishengtaibianhua、tudishengtaifenyidengjichulilun,youyanjiuhekaifatudishengtaidiaocha、tudishengtaipingjia、tudishengtaiguihuahesheji、tudishengtaihuifuhezhongjian、tudideshengtaiguanliheguanhudengjishufangfa,haishejitudishengtaijingji、tudishengtailunlidengshehuikexuefanchou。

  san、tudishengtaixuedeyanjiufangfahejishutixi

环球体育  tudishengtaixuedeyanjiufangfabaokuodiaochafangfa、pingjiafangfa、shuliangmoxingfangfa、shiyanfenxifangfadengdeng,yebaokuoguihuafangfaheshengtaizhongjiandegongchengfangfa。qijishutixibaokuogezhongdiaocha、pingjia、moxing、guihua、zhongjiandejishuliuchengjiqishijianyingyong。

环球体育  si、tudishengtaixuedejibenlilun

  tudishengtaixuedejibenlilunbaokuotudideshengwushengchanlililun(shengwuchujishengchanhezaishengchanlilun)、 tudideshengwuqixihechengzaigongnenglilun、tudidenengliangpinghengheshuixunhuangongnenglilun、tudidehuanjinggongnenglilun、 tudideshengtaishililun、tudishengtaiguochenglilun、tudishengtaibianhuaguilvlilun、tudishengtaifenyililundengdeng。tudishengtaixuedelilunjichuyou: xitonglilun(baokuoxitonglun、kongzhilun、zirandengjililun、haosanjiegoulilun、diyufenyililun)heshengtaixuelilun(baokuozhongqunshengtaixuelilun、shengtaixitongshengtaixuelilun)。

  wu、tudishengtaixueyutudikexueqitaxuekedeguanxi

  tudishengtaixueyutudiziyuanxue、tudiguihuaxue、tudibaohuxuedengmiqiexiangguan。tudiziyuanxueweitudishengtaixuetigongtudishuliang、zhiliang、shuxingdengdejichuziliao,tudishengtaixueweitudiziyuandediaochapingjiatigongjichulilunhelinian。tudideshengtaiguihuashitudiliyongguihuadezhongyaozuchengbufen,《huanjingyingxiangpingjiafa》guidinggejiguihuayaojinxinghuanjingyingxiangpingjia,tudishengtaixuejiangweizheizhongpingjiatigongjibenfangfa。tudibaohudezhuyaoneirongzhiyishitudishengtaibaohu,tudishengtaixuedeyanjiubudanweitudibaohutigonglilunjichu,erqietigongshijiancaozuocengmiandefangfajishu。lingwai,tudijingjixuedejibenlilunshitudishengtaijingjililundejichu,tudishengtaijingjililundefazhanyoufengfuhefazhantudijingjixuelilun。tudixinxixuedengzhuanmenjishujiangweitudishengtaixuedeyanjiuheshijiantigonggaoxinjishushouduan。

环球体育  liu、tudishengtaixueyanjiudeqianyan

  tudishengtaixueshiyimenxinxingdexueke。yinci,xuduofangfalilunhejishushangchuzaitansuojieduan,zheixiegouchengletudishengtaixuedexuekeqianyan。baokuo: tudishengtaixuedegainiantixi(rutudideshengtaigongnenggainian);tudishengtaixuedefazhanwenti(rutudishengtaixuesixiangdexingchenghefazhan、tudishengtaixuedefazhanjieduanhuafenyijitudishengtaixuefazhanzhanwang);tudishengtaixueyanjiuneirongdetantao(rutudishengtaixuedeyanjiuneirongjiqizhijiandeneizaihewaizailianxi);tudishengtaixueyanjiufangfadetantao(rutudishengtaidiaochapingjiafangfa、shuliangfangfa、fenxihemonifangfadeng);tudishengtaixuedelilunjichudeyanjiu(ruxitonglilun、kongzhililun、zirandengjililun、haosanjiegoulilun、diyufenyililunjiqiyutudishengtaixuedelianxi,yijishengtaixuelilun、jingguanshengtaixuelilunzaitudishengtaixuezhongdeyingyongwenti);tudishengtaigongnengyanjiu(rutudideshengwushengchangongnengyanjiu);tudideshengwuqixihechengzaigongnengyanjiu;tudidenengliangpinghengheshuixunhuangongnengyanjiu;tudidehuanjinggongnengyanjiu;tudishengtaiguochengyanjiu(rutudideshengtaiganrao、tudiliyongdeshengtaiguocheng、tudiliyongyushengwuduoyangxingguocheng、tudijingguanguocheng、tudinengliang、shuifen、wuzhihexinxixunhuanguochengdengdeyanjiu);tudishengtaibianhuayanjiu(rutudishengtaibianhuadequdongyinsu、tudiliyonghetudifugaibianhuadeshengtaihuanjingyingxiang、tudishengtaibianhuademonidengdeyanjiu);tudishengtaifenyiyanjiu(rutudishengtaidanyuandediyuxing、tudishengtaiyinsudediyufenbuguilv、tudishengtaixitongdezhengtidiyuxing、quanqiutudishengtaixitongdefenbuguilvdengyanjiu);tudishengtaidiaochayupingjiayanjiu(rutudishengtaidiaochadeneirong、jibenfangfashouduan、tudishengtaifenleidengdeyanjiu,yijitudipingjiadelilun、zhibiaotixi、tudishengtaipingjiaguochenghefangfadengyanjiu);tudishengtaiguihuaheshejiyanjiu(rutudishengtaiguihuadeyuanze、chengxu、bianzhifangfayanjiuyijitudishengtaishejililunheshijianfangfayanjiu);tudishengtaihuifuhezhongjianlilunhefangfayanjiu(ruduitudishengtaituihuajiqileixinghetezheng、tuihuachengdu、jilideyanjiuyijitudishengtaituihuadehuifucuoshihetujingdeyanjiu);tudishengtaiguanliheguanhuyanjiu(rujianlitudishengtaiguanliheguanhufaguideyanjiu、xingzhengguanlitizhideyanjiu、tudishengtaixingzhengguanlidezhixinghesusongdengdeyanjiu);tudishengtaijingjiyanjiu(rutudishengtaijiazhililunyanjiu、tudishengtaijiazhigusuanhehesuanfangfayanjiu、tudishengtaijingjipingjiadejibenlilunhefangfadeyanjiu,yijiduitudishengtaijingjihuanqiutiyudeyanjiu)。

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